Website : Definition, Functions, Types, Benefits, and How to Make It

The development of the internet from year to year has increased from the side of active users. Everyone accesses the internet using various devices. From desktop, mobile, to tablets. And the website is one of the most frequently accessed and used media in finding various information and means of communication

Examples of websites that are often used in daily life, namely Google, Twitter, Facebook, Seconds, CNN, and so on. Of course, from the various websites that are available, they have different functions and features. Some are in the field of e-commerce, social media, business, information media, and others.

In this article, we will discuss everything about what a website is, its history, functions. And how to create an easy website. So, it can increase your insight and knowledge about the website to how to make it.

Definition Of Website

A website is a collection of pages in a domain that contains various information. So that internet users can read and view it through a search engine. The information that can be contained on a website. Generally contains the image, illustration, video, and text content for various purposes.

Usually, for the initial appearance of a website, it can be accessed via the main page (homepage) using a browser by writing the right URL. A homepage also contains several derivative web pages that are linked to each other.

History Of The Website

The history of the website was first created by a scientist who came from England, named Tim Berners-Lee. Berners parents are also a computer scientist in the early era of the computing world.

The initial goal of Tim Berners was to create a website to make it easier for researchers at work to obtain and exchange information remotely. Then, on April 30, 1993, officially CERN which is a physics laboratory in Switzerland will announce the release of the website for free. Before that in 1990, Tim Berners-Lee also wrote about three basic web technologies, including:

1. HTML (HyperText Markup Language)

A markup language or formatting for web pages.

2. URI (Uniform Resource Identifier)

Is a unique address to open the web page. Its function is to identify every resource on the web. Currently it is often referred to as a URL (Uniform Resource Locator).

3. HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol)

This technology allows one to retrieve the resources connected to all websites.

Website Functions

There are several website functions that have different advantages and qualities in accordance with marketing and business targets. The following are some functions that are categorized according to business objectives.

1. Information facilities

First, the function of the website is as a means to convey the latest and interesting information for your customers or customers to read. Basically, websites can also be used as a means of education, learning, tutorials, tips & tricks, and much more.

Examples of websites as a means of information are news search sites, website company profiles, and others. For the type of content, it can be video, text, and images.

2. As Blog

Have you ever read or visited a site that featured a page containing articles or reading material? If you have, then that is what is called a blog. People who often create blogs are called bloggers.

So the function of this second website is to create a blog, so its main purpose is to get visitor traffic. As well as, optimizing the blog that has been published. Besides that, it can also function as a means to improve the company’s brand in order to bring in more customers.

3. Means of buying and selling online / e-commerce stores.

And the last function is as a medium to accommodate the online buying and selling transaction process or often referred to as e-commerce. By using an e-commerce website, you can bring in more consumers to buy goods or services through the website that has been provided.

So basically, e-commerce here is only limited to intermediaries. Examples of websites that apply this function are Tokopedia, Bukalapak, Amazon, Shopee, and other websites.

Elements Of The Website

After knowing the meaning, history and function of the website, then enter into a discussion of the elements of the website itself. The following is some information related to the elements that make up a web.

1. Domains

The first component is a domain, where the website can be analogous to a product. So the website is the brand or brand. Writing an interesting domain can get someone to enter your site.

In addition, you must create a domain that is not too long and easy to remember. A good domain will also have an effect on increasing the ranking of the system on search engines. Also make sure to do SEO optimization and check the domain periodically.

2. Hosting

The second component or element is hosting, which has an important role in storing all the databases (data storage). Information in the database can be in the form of text, images, illustrations, videos, and scripts).

Currently, there are many services related to hosting package services according to your business needs and products.

3. Contents

And the last one is content, where the function of content is crucial. Because if the website does not have content, it can be said that the site has no clear purpose. Examples of websites that apply content are social media, company profiles, online trading sites, and many others.

Type Of Website

Type of websiteIn this discussion, we will provide some information and explanations regarding the types of websites. The following are three types of websites based on their development.

1. Static Websites

A static website is a website that has a fixed appearance and doesn’t change much. Usually the changes themselves are only in the appearance of the web page design, the content has not changed much. An example of a static web is a website that displays company or organization profiles.

2. Dynamic websites

A dynamic website is a website that changes continuously according to the needs and relevance of the business and the development of the times.

Dynamic websites have a more interactive appearance, and provide comments and chat features. Examples of these websites are blogs, online news sites, e-commerce, information systems, and so forth.

3. Interactive Website

Website interaktif adalah website yang didesain untuk dapat saling berinteraksi antar penggunanya. Situs jenis ini biasanya diklasifikasikan sebagai platform media sosial seperti Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, dan platform media sosial lainnya.

How To Create Websites

After knowing a few things about web pages, it’s time to get into the discussion on how to create an easy website for beginners. Here are some explanations.

1. Selecting the right CMS or platform

There are many ways to easily create a website without having to know a programming language thoroughly. You can take advantage of CMS or Content Management System features that can create websites quickly and effectively.

The most popular CMS today include WordPress, Joomla and Drupal. Each type of CMS has its own advantages and disadvantages. Make sure you choose one according to your project needs.

However, we recommend using WordPress which is simpler and very suitable for creating a website display in the form of a blog or company profile website.

2. Define a trusted domain name and hosting

After choosing a CMS, you can then decide on a domain name and purchase a hosting package that fits your budget and business needs. The hosting name that you will create, make sure it matches the content to be developed.

3. Perform the website installation and configuration process

The final step after buying a hosting package, then install the CMS package and start creating the main web page display. If you are having difficulty in the development stage of your site, you can look for various tutorials, or follow some forums to get the best solution for using CMS from several experts and programmers.

Benefits Of The Website

The following are some of the benefits that you can get when you have your own website.

1. To build your personal brand

By managing and optimizing the pages of your site, you will also indirectly build personal branding. Most importantly, don’t forget to always update the content every day on a regular basis to increase your website traffic and ranking.

By building good branding, it will also have a good impact on the business products that are developed. So, if your personal branding begins to take shape, then consumers can more easily recognize and use your product.

2. To introduce products or services

The second benefit of the website is to introduce products or services. With the web, you can reduce the cost of advertising and you can focus more on improving and optimizing your site. With the help of SEO, it will be easier to increase the ranking of your site in the search engines.

3. As a place to share information sources

The third benefit is as a medium to inform related news, articles, readings, and others – others. Simply by reading articles or news through the site, you can get the latest information from all corners of the world. Thus, the current position of the website can shift the use of TV and radio media.

4. Getting traffic and earning money

The last benefit is that the existence of a website is able to bring in more visitor traffic. This can be true if you have applied the correct optimization. Starting from technical matters, to doing On Page and Off Page optimization with SEO. So it can increase profits in a longer period of time.


A website is a collection of pages in a domain that contains various types of information on the internet using a browser and entering the right URL.

The function of the website is as a means of information, creating blogs, and buying and selling online. Types of websites are divided into three, namely static, dynamic, and interactive.

The components of the website include the domain, hosting, and content. How to make a website is very easy, make sure to choose a CMS first, create a domain and choose a hosting package as needed. After that, you can carry out the installation process and develop your web pages.

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