What Is cPanel And How To Use It

In this article, I will talk about what cPanel is and how to use it. After knowing all the features, benefits and functions of cPanel, I will discuss about how to use cPanel for your server.

For new users, you must have often wondered, what is cPanel? cPanel is one of the most used Linux-based control panels in web hosting accounts. Through this panel, you can easily manage all your services in one place. Currently, cPanel is a popular standard panel and most web developers are already very familiar with this tool.

Besides being intuitive and easy, cPanel also allows you to manage your web hosting account to the fullest. Creating new FTP users and email addresses, monitoring resources, creating subdomains, and installing software are just a few of the uses of cPanel.

What Is cPanel Hosting?

Before using cPanel, you must first understand what cPanel is, especially if you are new to the web hosting world. In general, cPanel is a Linux web hosting that includes installation of cPanel. Despite its pros and cons, cPanel is a great choice if you’re looking for a fast and reliable control panel.

cPanel is a control panel used to make settings on web hosting services which include file management, database, domain, security, software and other configurations. Without cPanel, setting up web hosting can only be done via text commands. cPanel makes it easy for users to perform various configurations through an attractive user interface and easy to operate.

cPanel is usually installed on a Dedicated Server or Virtual Private Server (VPS) using Linux, FreeBSD, and similar operating systems. cPanel supported applications include Apache, PHP, mySQL, Postgres, Perl, Python, and BIND, with email such as POP3, IMAP, SMTP services.

Here are the advantages of cPanel and its disadvantages:

cPanel advantages:

  • Easy to learn
  • Easy to use
  • Save your time and money
  • It has been through trials
  • Offering auto installer software
  • Various online tutorials and guides available

cPanel Cons:

  • Too many features will only slow down the performance of cPanel
  • Important settings could suddenly change automatically
  • Some hosting uses software that is not upgraded
  • They are expensive and rarely included in free hosting

cPanel Hosting Dashboard

By using this support, the cPanel hosting that you have can do the following things.

  • Perform PHP and Apache Handler settings.
  • Manage emails that point to your domain.
  • Perform upload, restore, backup website files.

cPanel Alternative

There are thousands of alternatives to cPanel. Since each hosting provider provides different services, it is important that you check the control panel they use.

At Hostinger, we have developed our own control panel which is available on all web hosting plans. Hostinger’s Control Panel has a lot in common with cPanel and allows us to be more flexible in managing and managing client needs.

For Premium and Business plans, clients will get one free domain as well as other powerful features. So, all you have to do is buy one package to create and get your website online.

As long as all your website needs are handled properly, you are free to choose between cPanel and its alternatives. It’s just that, if you want specific functions or features, it’s better to ask the hosting provider first about the control panel you are using.

cPanel Modules

Each cPanel has its own installation method and different features. There are many resources on the internet to study it.

Once you’re signed in to your account, there will be resource usage metrics (such as CPU, memory, and storage usage). This data is important to monitor the performance of the website.

Here are the commonly used cPanel modules:

Modules files:

You can upload and manage files directly from your cPanel without an FTP client. You can also define privacy levels, backups and more. Here are the modules that are commonly used :

  • Backups
  • Backup wizard
  • Privacy Directory
  • Disk Usage
  • File Manager
  • FTP Accounts
  • FTP Connection
  • Images
  • Web Disk

Preferences:

You can customize the layout of your cPanel installation. Here are the modules that are frequently used:

  • Change Language
  • Change Main Domain
  • Getting Started
  • Wizard
  • Manage Resources
  • Shortcuts
  • Update Contact Information
  • Video Tutorials

Database:

If using a CMS, the website needs a database to store posts, settings, and more. This section provides information regarding database management. Here are the modules that are often used:

  • Mysql Database Wizard
  • MySQL databases
  • PhpMyAadmin
  • MySQL Remote

Web Application:

You can install various software, ranging from blogs and portals to CMS and forums. The following are the most commonly used modules:

  • PhpBB
  • WordPress
  • Drupal
  • Joomla

Domain:

Most website owners have multiple sites or add subdomains and redirects to their hosting accounts. Following are the commonly used modules:

  • Redirects
  • Aliases
  • Subdomains
  • Preview Website
  • Addon Domains
  • DNS Manager

Metrics:

Module metrics is closely related to website performance, because it will help you determine how to manage your website. Here are some of the most popular modules:

  • CPU and Concurrent Connection Usage
  • Bandwidth
  • Awstats
  • FTP Webalizer
  • Webalizer
  • Visitors
  • Raw Access
  • Errors

Security:

This module helps you manage your hosting account security. Here are the modules that are often used:

  • SSL/TLS
  • Leech Protection
  • IP Blocker
  • SSH Access
  • Hotlink Protection

Software:

Most of the software in this module includes PHP and Perl programming languages. This module is not what you really need, except for advanced users. Here are the modules that are often used:

  • CloudFlare
  • Optimize Website
  • PHP Version Selector
  • PHP PEAR Packages
  • Softaculpis Apps Installer
  • Perl Modules

Advanced:

Settings in this module specifically for professional users (advanced). Here are the modules that are frequently used:

  • Indexes
  • DNS Tracks
  • Error Pages
  • Apache Handlers
  • MIME Types
  • Cron Jobs

Email:

Not every web hosting package has this module. If you have one, you can manage all your email accounts. Here are the module names that are often used:

  • Forwardes
  • MX Entry
  • Autoresponders
  • Default Address
  • User Filters
  • Encryption
  • Address Importer
  • Global Filters
  • Apache SpamAssassin
  • Track Delivery
  • Email Wizard

cPanel Tutorial

How To Use The cPanel File Manager

The File Manager is a basic file management tool in cPanel. In addition to uploading and extracting files, you can also use File Manager to create files and folders, grant permissions, etc.

Basically, this tool has the same function as an FTP client, although it is not very sophisticated.

1. Search File Manager

  • Sign in to your cPanel account and type File Manager in the search tool or scroll to the Files section.
  • Open the tool and a new screen appears. On this screen, you’ll see navigation and management options along with the website’s folder and file directories.

Note: Only public_html used folder. The system requires other folders to ensure the cPanel service is working properly.

2. File Manager Navigation

On the left, you will see a section containing a list of folders, while on the right, you will see the contents of the folders. To view the contents of a folder, click one of the folders listed on the left menu. For example, click on the public_html folder to check its contents, i.e. .well-known, cgi-bin, robots.txt, etc.

Another way, type the full name of the folder in the search field. Then, click Go.

Some navigation functions:

  • Home – click to view the Home folder and its contents.
  • Up One Level – go back to the previous folder. For example, currently you are opening the cgi-bin folder. Clicking this navigation will take you back to the public_html folder which is located before the cgi-bin folder.
  • Back/Forward – it works the same way back/forward navigation in a web browser.
  • Reload – refresh the page to check your changes.
  • Select/Unselect All – select or not to select files or folders.
  • View Trash – displays the Trash folder containing the deleted files.
  • Empty Trash – Empty Trash folder. You can only use this feature when you open the Trash folder.

3. Using The File Management Feature

Next, get to know the features of file management. Although a toolbar is available, you can, you know, just right-click on a particular item to access most of the features.

  • File – use this feature to create a new file in a specific folder. For example, we created an index.php file inside the public_html folder.
  • Folders – create new folders with this feature. For example, we create a new folder named test-folder.
  • Copy – copy and drop the selected file into a folder. For example, we copied and placed the index.php file into the test-folder.
  • Move – it works the same as the Copy feature. The difference is that the files will then be deleted from the folder.
  • Upload – this feature can only be used for uploading files. If you want to upload a folder or large file, use an FTP client. There are two options to upload files, namely drag and drop files or select files from your computer. After that, click Go Back to link.
  • Download – a feature for downloading files to a computer.
  • Delete – feature for moving files to the Trash folder. If you want to delete files forever, check Skip the trash and delete the file box.
  • Restore – this feature is available only in Trash folder. Its function is to recover deleted files and return them to the folder.
  • Rename/Edit/HTML Editor – A feature for editing files. The way it works is almost the same as other text editor software features that will assist users in editing files. Even though it uses a WYSIWYG interface, this feature is not as sophisticated as HTML software editors.
  • Settings – a feature for setting preferences. For example, set the default folder to open when you use File Manager. You can also highlight Show Hidden Files (dotfiles). For example, this feature can be used when editing an .htaccess to block certain aspects of a website.
  • Extract/Compress – Compress to archive content to Zip, Gzip or Bzip2 format. Extract, on the other hand, will unzip the archive.

You already know the basic navigation and management features in File Manager. In the next article, we will discuss bandwidth usage which is an important aspect of hosting services.

Please read the next article in order to find out more about using Cpanel to check other uses.

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